To access this article, please, Vol. Wiley is a global provider of content and content-enabled workflow solutions in areas of scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly research; professional development; and education. The next step in the development of consciousness is religion. Hegel’s philosophy is a phenomenology insofar as he looks at the world as it appears to consciousness. Then, philosophy related to the activity of argue rationally about astonishment. Hegel, who began to write this essay to twenty-seven years, attempts to describe and define all the dimensions of human experience: knowledge, perception, consciousness and subjectivity, social interactions, culture, history, morality and religion. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of The Phenomenology of Spirit. The title can be translated as either The Phenomenology of Spirit or The Phenomenology of Mind, because the German word Geist has both meanings. This science of phenomena aims to capture the essence of things in the world. This pulse is hampered by the requirement of universal concepts, ie that different people can understand these concepts. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. Religion, according to Hegel, is often seen as a refuge for the failure of recognition by others subject: turning to a transcendent being (God), you can take comfort in being who exists only in itself, rather than in a struggle for recognition between human beings. With a growing open access offering, Wiley is committed to the widest possible dissemination of and access to the content we publish and supports all sustainable models of access. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. This is the famous struggle for recognition. / To his attendants: Take me away, quickly, out of sight. – For if knowledge is the instrument to capture the absolute essence, he has to mind that the application of an instrument to a thing does not leave as it is for itself, but introduces in her transformation and alteration. Hegel's project demands that every element of consciousness be conceptualizable, and yet, woman, an essential unconscious element of consciousness, is in principle unconceptualizable. The observation of nature as an organic whole. Our online platform, Wiley Online Library ( is one of the world’s most extensive multidisciplinary collections of online resources, covering life, health, social and physical sciences, and humanities. The end of the essay attempts to relate Hegel's discussion of the family to contemporary discussions of family values. The Phenomenology of Spirit by Hegel, published in 1807, is based on a precious philosophical intuition: consciousness is not an completed institution, it is constructed, transformed to become other than itself. The-Philosophy helps high-school & university students but also curious people on human sciences to quench their thirst for knowledge. This dialectical method will be decisive in the history of philosophy and influence Husserl, Sartre and especially Marx, who thinks the economic and social history in terms of the Hegelian dialectic. In the tradition of idealists, Hegel posits that awareness of objects necessarily implies a certain self-consciousness, ie separation between the subject and the perceived object. / I don’t even exist—I’m no one. See the paper on the dialectic of master and slave. Julien Josset, founder. Hypatia Cite this article as: Tim, "Phenomenology of Spirit by Hegel (Summary), February 13, 2013, " in. But Hegel goes further and says that the subjects are also objects to other subjects. This shift to a transcendent being the result of the initial attempt to enter the consciousness of the nature of the object. Collective philosophical commentary on the whole of Hegel’s Phenomenology in sequence with the original text. Individuals interpret and act according to the laws and customs individually, but they are in compliance with community spirit. First published in 1807, it has exercised considerable influence on subsequent thinkers from Feuerbach and Marx to Heidegger, Kojève, Adorno and Derrida. Phänomenologie des Geistes (1807) is G.W.F. THE TRUTH OF THE CERTAINTY OF YOURSELF, II. The founding principle of philosophy is perhaps the astonishment, source of the questions. - 2008-2019, The Phenomenology of Spirit, or the adventure of consciousness, Phenomenology of Spirit, Chapters 1-3: Consciousness, Phenomenology of Spirit, Chapter 4: Self-Awareness, Phenomenology of Spirit, Chapters 5-8: Spirit and Absolute Knowledge. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. At the end of Chapter 4, Hegel describes the “unhappy consciousness”, the result of the negation of the world and the religious consciousness, itself the product of fear of death. 1, The Family and Feminist Theory (Winter, 1996), Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep.