All rights reserved. Waiting for the unpredictable nature of traditional breeding methods can take decades to achieve the required equilibrium; such a goal can be reached instantaneously with GMO. The following serious problems have been observed. This has made it easier for farmers to grow crops on a larger scale without worrying about … [8] Martina Newell-McGoughlin, PhD, Director of the University of California Systemwide Biotechnology Research and Education Program, said that “GMOs are more thoroughly tested than any product produced in the history of agriculture.” [8], Over 2,000 global studies have affirmed the safety of GM crops. Home / GMO Essay / Pros & Cons of GMOs . Hormone Replacement Therapy – Benefits, Side Effects for Men & Women, Vitamin B Complex – Benefits, Side Effects, Economically friendly since it does not uses pesticides, Profitability since it does not need pesticides and increase yields in crops, More nutritious and lesser starvation for it provides a higher nutritional content, Affordable to the consumers since it has lower maintenance costs and higher yielding outcome, Resistance to diseases for it is high in nutritional content, Tolerance to salinity and drought which is a big plus in the agricultural aspect, Chemical resistance which not affects the genetically modified product, Different taste than it normally does since it is modified scientifically, Harms the health such as new allergic reactions may be present, Ethical issue for some will say that you have no power to play God and alter genes of plants and animals, Economical problem for it has a high potential replacing crops that are standards and those farmers who can’t afford to use GMO will suffer economically in the market. (And Are They Environment Friendly), When Do Peonies Bloom? GMOs could affect those with allergies in unpredictable ways. Read 13484, Nov 12 2020 [10] Trillions of meals containing GMO ingredients have been eaten by humans over the past few decades, with zero verified cases of illness related to the food being genetically altered. That’s why non-organic produce is often cheaper than organic produce — organic produce cannot be grown using genetic engineering or pesticides. However, people have concerns over … After StarLink corn was genetically altered to be insect-resistant, there were several reported cases of allergic reactions in consumers. Since then, GMO crops have grown exponentially. So far, the impacts have been economic and social – so far, farmers have been the first to pay the price of GM contamination. Genetically Modified Organism is not at all perfect. United Kingdom, T +44 (0)1727 858 840 How Tech Advances Have Helped Companies Increase Their Sustainability? So it is important to address the treatment of GMO seeds, and also farmers should be allowed to use GMO seeds that spread to their farms without fearing lawsuits; this would increase the profits gained from farming. Notably, Michigan State University researchers found that glyphosate has caused a decline in the population of monarch butterflies, according to Make Way for Monarchs. The Cons. Read 612, Oct 30 2020 It is estimated that the butterflies may have lost more than 165 million acres of habitat in this time-frame largely due to the increase in the use of the herbicide glyphosate, which kills the common milkweed that the butterfly needs to breed. Social Media – Are Social Networking Sites Good for Our Society? [24], Herbicide-tolerant (Ht) GMO soy crops have reduced the need to till the soil to remove weeds. How Do Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) Affect the Environment? The entire process of artificial alteration is termed as genetic engineering and is habitually aimed at producing combinations of bacteria, virus, and animal genes that do not occur in nature or in manners that contradict the conventional crossbreeding methods. ", ProCon.org. While GMOs can make agriculture more efficient, thereby reducing human impact on wildlife and wild habitats, genetically modified organisms raise some specific animal rights concerns. These health risks may not be transferable to humans, but they illustrate the unpredictable nature of GMOs on living things. Glyphosate works as a pesticide, while still allowing the Roundup Ready crop to flourish. Cons:-It is unethical.-Some food companies have refused to use meat or milk that is from genetically engineered animals.-Some consumers are complaining that the animal drug rules do not regulate genetically modified animals properly.-This process is potentially dangerous and can be very harmful. [11], GM crops can be engineered to reduce natural allergens and toxins, making them safer and healthier. A GMO is an organism (typically a plant, but also an animal or microorganism) whose genes have been genetically engineered in a lab, ultimately yielding an organism with “desirable” traits that do not occur in nature, according to the Non-GMO Project. [33][38], The increased use of the weed killer glyphosate can harm pollinating insects and potentially create health risks for humans ingesting traces of herbicides used on GM crops. F +44 (0)1727 840 310 These are weeds that develop resistance to certain herbicides when they are widely and frequently applied. Genetically Modified Environment Pros And Cons 1374 Words | 6 Pages. Even though crops have been genetically modified, they still grow the same as other crops. [27] [28][29] The decreased use of fuel and tilling as a result of growing GM crops can lower greenhouse gas emissions as much as removing 12 million cars from the roads each year. The central risk of eating GMO crops is the trace pesticides that some plants still include. Mandatory National Service – Should the United States Have Mandatory National Service? ], [Editor’s Note: The MLA citation style requires double spacing within entries. The shortest GMO testing times are a mere 90 days, which many fear is simply not enough time to ascertain all of the risks. [42] Scientists blame Roundup for a 90% decrease in the US monarch butterfly population. Additionally, sometimes glyphosate kills plants that negatively impact the habitats of local wildlife, which can reduce biodiversity, the NPIC added. It has its pros and cons which we will be tackling as we go along. An estimated 94% of all soybean and 92% of all corn grown in the US is genetically modified and around 75% of all processed foods in the US contain GMO ingredients. GMO crops were first invented in 1982, when scientists genetically engineered a tomato, according to the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) report Genetically Engineered Crops in the United States. For example, more than 93 percent of corn and soy grown in the U.S. are GMO — and most of that corn and soy is fed to livestock in the factory farming industry (where 99 percent of our meat, dairy, and eggs come from).