In that case, we had to look fairly closely to see the discontinuity: it … 0000041673 00000 n 0000021369 00000 n 0000010153 00000 n Vtrs 0 P 2 T V T P G 0000041629 00000 n A quark condensate forms at finite quark mass, and the value 0000054624 00000 n 0000028919 00000 n Nonequilibrium wetting transition in a nonthermal 2D Ising model, Generic Two-Phase Coexistence and Nonequilibrium Criticality in a Lattice Version of Schlögl’s Second Model for Autocatalysis, The diffusive pair contact process and non-equilibrium wetting, Generic two-phase coexistence, relaxation kinetics, and interface propagation in the quadratic contact process: Simulation studies, Physical review. 0000039417 00000 n 382 90 0000041651 00000 n In studying the dynamics of large N_c, SU(N_c) gauge theory at finite temperature with fundamental quark flavours in the quenched approximation, we observe a first order phase transition. Dynamic wetting with two competing adsorbates. 0000002096 00000 n First-order and second-order phase transitions (II) G Ttrs ΔGtrs 0 Second-order phase transition T V Ttrs T S Ttrs T H Cp-S T G P V P G T -continuous (S and V do not jump at transition) Ttrs T Ttrs T Strs 0 Htrs 0 P P dT dH C e.g. 0000015022 00000 n 0000056039 00000 n 0000015812 00000 n It is found that the wet (unbound) and the nonwet (pinned) states coexist and are both thermodynamically stable in a domain of the dynamical parameters that define the model. 0000040485 00000 n 0000056257 00000 n xref As m p 2 further decreases there is a first-order transition between the SMAF and LMAF phases (see Fig. In real crystal structures, there is a wide class of phase transitions, known as order-disorder phase transitions, which are described in terms of scalar modes. 0000018493 00000 n 0000052809 00000 n 4). 0000046661 00000 n 0000046875 00000 n Dynamics of first-order phase transitions 5.1. Furthermore, they can identify the order (first or second) of the phase transition by their behavior at the quantum transition point, which changes abruptly (smoothly) in the case of first-order (second-order) phase transitions. These could allow for the generation of the matter-antimatter asymmetry or potentially observable gravitational waves. 0000018124 00000 n 0000051654 00000 n More recently there is increasing evidence that in many systems which are close to a quantum critical point (QCP) different phases are in competition. Some computational techniques 4. 0000041607 00000 n 0000007525 00000 n The method of the effective potential is used to calculate the quantum corrections to the classical functional. 0000018656 00000 n We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. 0000041738 00000 n Order parameter for this phase transition is the density. 0000041759 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n Among other problems, these phase transitions are relevant in the study of heavy fermion systems, high-temperature superconductors and Bose–Einstein condensates. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. startxref These effects are described theoretically using an action that takes into account the competition between different order parameters. 0000009447 00000 n Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. 0000017403 00000 n Some features of the site may not work correctly. 0000051887 00000 n 5. 0000032332 00000 n 0000015997 00000 n 0000017838 00000 n 0000003188 00000 n 382 0 obj <> endobj 0000020969 00000 n 0000054071 00000 n 0000002918 00000 n 0000018281 00000 n 0000011502 00000 n 0000054309 00000 n 0000054941 00000 n 0000041695 00000 n x�b``�e`�(d`g`X��A��b,S�j��gePx,��H:s��3ׄ�X���7&j_�b p��q�p��� ��$4*k�覥�T�'&���V�gd�7�՗��4�Ɨ4g�$�F�DHJT�G���UFe��qq�p ���. trailer Depending on the rates of the dynamical processes the wetting transition is either of first or second order. Download PDF Abstract: ... We classify these patterns according to the first transition in their history and show the strong first-order phase transitions that may be possible in each type of pattern. 0000002983 00000 n 3. ‘Essential’ singularity at a first-order phase transition 4.4. 0000014827 00000 n Directed percolation with long-range interactions: Modeling nonequilibrium wetting. 0000051866 00000 n 0000056308 00000 n E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. 0000052181 00000 n !c!! 0000007802 00000 n For m L 2 = 0 there is a first order transition to the antiferromagnetic phase . Quantum phase transitions have been the subject of intense investigations in the last two decades. 0000015506 00000 n ! 0000009214 00000 n You are currently offline. %%EOF 0000024387 00000 n In this paper we show that the main effect of this competition is to give rise to inhomogeneous behavior associated with quantum first-order transitions. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2006.10.765. 0000015961 00000 n 0000008035 00000 n 0000003612 00000 n 0000014610 00000 n conducting-superconducting transition in metals at low temperatures. 0000008582 00000 n 0000007291 00000 n I chose density, latent heat and specific heat. 0000027777 00000 n Download : Download full-size image; Fig. 0000052515 00000 n By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. In the following, the formulas used: !! 0000018818 00000 n 0000041716 00000 n On the significance of the ‘spinodal curve’ and related limits of meta- 3. 0 Phase Transitions A phase transition is an abrupt, discontinuous change in the properties of a system. Finally, we discuss the universal behavior of systems with a weak first-order zero temperature transition in particular as the transition point is approached from finite temperatures. 0000054288 00000 n 471 0 obj<>stream 0000010842 00000 n Copyright © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 0000011800 00000 n Nonequilibrium wetting transitions with short range forces.