It also has better weld-ability. Carbon steel contains up to 2.1% carbon by weight. Mild steel rusts rapidly and easily than high tensile steel. The primary difference between the two is the fact that stainless steel is a chromium based steel alloy, whereas mild steel is a carbon based steel alloy. Steel and carbon steel are used in the production of various types of commercial and consumer applications. That means it is carbon that adds strength to the steel, while leaving away the elasticity. "Mild steel" is more of  a slang term than anything else. Moreover, it has considerably high fatigue strength and toughness as well. This is a stronger steel with good wear resistance, but it’s a bit trickier to form, weld, and cut. Punalur Chandrasekaran. There are modern treatments that can be applied to mild steel which can help delay or completely prevent its corrosion. Mild steel is also known as Low Carbon Steel OR Soft Steel. It contains different alloying elements in order to increase the tensile strength of the steel. We would not recommend mild steel for high-stress applications. From the earliest known production of steel in Anatolia in 1800 BC to the Wootz steel of South India in 6th century BC to quench- hardened steel of China of 200 BC, there has always been upgradation in quality and production process of this most sought after alloy of iron and carbon. Mild steel contains a comparatively low amount of carbon … Medium-carbon steel balances ductility and strength and has good wear resistance. Steel, often classified through the use of its carbon content, is actually high-carbon steel often used for manufacturing cutting tools and dies. For high-carbon steel hardness is higher than the other grades but ductility decreases. Steel has many sub-divisions considering the qualities and characteristics of the type, and such properties include strength, ductility, hardness, cost etc. Lightweight - Carbon is heavy. 5. It shows poor rust resistance, and therefore, they are not used in corrosive environment without applying some protective coating. I didn’t even relize the difference between these two steel The other major elements present in it are manganese, silicon, sulfur, and phosphorus. The American Iron and Steel Institute distinguish carbon steel as having less than 2 % carbon without any other noticeable alloying element. Carbon steel is alloyed with up to 2% carbon. Despite this fact, however, it is still one of the most commonly used alloys out there. Summary. High tensile steel is a type of mild carbon steel which has a high yield strength and tensile strength. The malleability of mild steel is more than high tensile steel. The carbon content is 0.55%-0.95% carbon, with a manganese content of 0.30%-0.90%. So, the key difference between mild steel and high tensile steel is that high tensile steel has a high strength than mild steel. Mild steel is commonly used for manufacturing pipes, bullets, armor, chains, nuts and bolts, hinges, magnets, wire, cable, and knives. The largest industry in the world is steel, which amounts to 1.3 billion tons, a year. The weldability of mild steel is more than high tensile steel. • Mild carbon cannot be hardened by heat treatment, but other types of carbon steel can be hardened by heat treatment. • Mild steel has high ductility, and it is malleable, whereas other carbon steel types have low ductility. Steel is extensively used for medium to high-rise buildings, long span bridges, industrial structures, airports, transmission towers, overhead tanks, chimneys etc. Because of strength, hardness and elasticity, chromium steel is used in the construction of automobiles and airplane parts. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } The major share of the steel production accounts to carbon steel. Mild steel can be further strengthened through the addition of carbon. Perhaps you might have read or heard about the ‘magnet test’, which is often used to tell steel apart from other types of metal. DifferenceBetween.net. The article clearly explains the difference between Mild Steel with low carbon and High Tensile Steel with higher percentage of carbon. Mild steel and high tensile steel are two types of carbon steel. The weldability of high tensile steel is less than mild steel. Pre tensioning or Post tensioning of prestressed concrete construction, Various kind of lifting, hoisting and pulling. The key difference between mild steel and high tensile steel is that high tensile steel has a high strength than mild steel. Carbon steel products, like pans and pots that are used for cooking, get hotter evenly than other steels. Technically, it's more appropriate to reference "low carbon steel" vs. "high carbon steel." Carbon Steel is more expensive. An alloy is a mixture of metals as well as non-metals designed to have very specific properties. The carbon content is 0.29%-0.54% carbon, with a manganese content of 0.6%-1.65%. Mild steel is a type of carbon steel which contains 0.15 – 0.25 % carbon. Stainless steel has more ornamental and aesthetic appeal, and finds uses in homes, architecture, etc. First, mild steel is carbon steel. Technically, carbon steel tubing and mild steel tubing aren't different types of metal at all. "Difference Between Steel And Carbon Steel." The brittleness of high tensile steel is more than mild steel. ‘Christopher Gorse’, ‘David Johnston’ and ‘Martin Pritchard, Characteristics & Properties of Glass as Building Material, Causes of Corrosion of Reinforcement Steel in Concrete, Reasons of Building Failure due to Corrosion of Steel Bars, HSLA Steel | Fundamentals of High Strength Steel. Mild steel's low carbon percentage makes it easier to handle than carbon steel tubing. According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, “Steel is commercial iron that contains carbon in any amount up to about 1.7 percent as an essential alloying constituent, is malleable when under suitable conditions, and is distinguished from cast iron by its malleability and lower carbon content.” Carbon steel is occasionally called ‘plain carbon steel’. June 30, 2017 < http://www.differencebetween.net/miscellaneous/difference-between-steel-and-mild-steel/ >. "Difference Between Steel and Mild Steel." no minimum content is specified or required for chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, nickel, niobium, titanium, tungsten, vanadium, zirconium, or any other element to be added to obtain a desired alloying effect; Mild steel is simply carbon steel at the low end of the carbon content range (<.3%). A material which does not easily break under a hammer is called tough material. The definition of carbon steel from the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) states: . Wall Tiles and Floor Tiles: What is the Difference? Image Courtesy – Image 2(a), Image 2(b), Image 2(c), Use below filters for find specific topics, You can use below filter for finding the nearby professionals.