Having your current location will help us to get you more accurate Ṭabarī. Everyday, it had become a routine for the Muslim army to go to the battlefield, attack and suffer defeat and then return to their camps dejected. The besieged Jews managed to organize, under the cover of darkness, the transfer of people and treasures from one fortress to another as needed to make their resistance more effective. It seems that Marhab and Harith were great warriors of their time because Umar could not bear to face them even for a short while.2 Shah Abdul Aziz writes that Umar used to return every time and blame his companions for cowardice while his companions used to hold him responsible.3. spat in his eye and invoked good upon him. The Messenger of Allah said: May God show mercy to him! I said: They were composed by my brother. The Jews of Khaybar finally surrendered and were allowed to live in the oasis on the condition that they would give one-half of their produce to the Muslims. The History Of Al-Ṭabarī: Taʾrīkh Al-rusul Wa'l Mulūk. Now, the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) Each fortress was occupied by a separate family and surrounded by cultivated fields and palm-groves. He then handed him the standard and gave permission to initiate the battle. "'Khaybar, Khaybar, O Jews.'." (Hearing this) the Messenger of Allah said: He died as God's devotee and warrior. You will need to follow the instructions in that message in order to gain full access to the site. The Muslims set out for Khaybar in May 628, Muharram 7 AH. (Sahih Bukhari: 4244 & 4245). Khaibar is ruined. Abdullah perceived Usayr's bad intention as the latter was preparing to draw his sword. For him there is a double reward, and he pointed out this by putting his two fingers together. When the time came to breach the fortress, he threw the door down as a bridge to allow his army to pass into the citadel and conquer the final threshold. Subscribe to our e-newsletter today and receive latest news and updates about our products. Doubtlessly, this is true faith and assistance of Islam! [5] The Banu Fazara, related to the Ghatafan, also offered their assistance to Khaybar, after their unsuccessful negotiations with the Muslims. After they had dealt with the people of Al-Natah, who were strongest of the Jews, the Muslims moved from Al-Raji to Al-Manzilah. Al-Huqayq soon approached neighboring tribes to raise an army against Muhammad. said, The Prophet (S.A.W.) II, p.196, Egypt. said to Ali (R.A.): “By Allah, if Allah guides one man (to Islam) through you, it is better for you than the most valuable camels.” [Sahih Muslim: 2406 narrated by Sahl bin Saad (R.A.)]. Al-Huqayq was succeeded by Usayr ibn Zarim. 17 Apr 2012. 2012. In 627, the Nadir chief Huyayy ibn Akhtab together with his son joined the Meccans and Bedouins besieging Medina during the Battle of the Trench. They killed ten of the Jews and conquered the stronghold after a siege lasting three days. Position of the Muslims was much stronger after they had defeated the people of Al-Natah and the rest of the Jews of Khaibar were alarmed by the fall of Al-Natah. I recited: We would hive neither been guided aright nor practised charity. There is an authentic report that the Prophet (S.A.W.) dates of good quality) to the Prophet. The fugitives from Naim, Al-Saab, and the other Jewish strongholds conquered by the Muslims had gathered in Qalaat Al-Zubayr to face Muslims. Leave alone being the bravest ones, how can a person like Ali (a.s.), who never fled from the battlefield and continued to often rout the enemies of Islam, should be considered inferior to those who always bolted from battles and did not even scratch the enemy of Islam. [45] Similarly the Jews kept 20 bales of cloth and 500 cloaks for sale, and other luxury goods. [34] As a result, the Jews failed to mount a centrally organized defense, leaving each family to defend its own fortified redoubt. But we take one Sa of these (dates of good quality) for two or three Sa's of other dates (of inferior quality)." Muhammad agreed to these conditions and did not take any of the property of these two forts. Abu Said Al-Khudri (R.A.) and Abu Hurairah (R.A.) narrated that: Allah's Messenger (S.A.W.) According to Montgomery Watt, their intriguing and use of their wealth to incite tribes against Muhammad left him no choice but to attack. 628 CE. In another narration, Anas ibn Malik (R.A.) said that the Prophet (S.A.W.) Umar, then charged ahead and fought more vigorously than Abu Bakr, but still failed. made her manumission as her 'Mahr' (dowry).’. whenever a site wants to see your location. [30], The Muslims set out for Khaybar in May 628, Muharram 7 AH. If you continue using our website, then you have agreed to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Washington Irving has recorded this incident in his book on Islamic history. The Muslims, would cease warfare, and not hurt any of the Jews. (Sahih Bukhari: 4228), The sub-narrator, Nafi explained this, saying, "If a man had a horse, he was given three shares and if he had no horse, then he was given one share.". How can he subdue a warrior like Amr bin Abde Wudd? [15][16] After learning this, the Muslims, aided by an Arab with a Jewish dialect, assassinated him.[17]. [30], After the forts at an-Natat and those at ash-Shiqq were captured, there remained the last and the heavily guarded fortress called al-Qamus, the siege of which lasted between thirteen and nineteen days. As part of the agreement, the Jews of Khaybar were to evacuate the area, and surrender their wealth. When we approach near to a nation, the most unfortunate is the morning of those who have been warned." Then came Qalaat Al-Zubayr, which was the last stronghold of Al-Natah. Several attempts by Muslims to capture this citadel in some single combats failed. Academic Search Premier. Sometimes we might have trouble finding where you are located. This is what happened. However, in comparison to the power of the North, Muhammad's army did not seem to pose enough of a threat for the Khaybar to sufficiently prepare themselves for the upcoming battle. [5][7][8] In return, non-Muslim citizens were permitted to practice their faith, to enjoy a measure of communal autonomy, to be entitled to Muslim state's protection from outside aggression, and to be exempted from military service and the Zakat, which is obligatory upon Muslim citizens. It has been recorded by one source[18] that Usayr also approached the Ghatafan and rumors spread that he intended to attack the "capital of Muhammad". In return, they would give one-half of their produce to the Muslims. Berichte über den Zug nach Chaibar sind ausschließlich in der islamischen Geschichtsschreibung, vor allem in der maghazi- und sira-Literatur, überliefert.