In addition, the barium salt also has a dehydrate form that has a molar mass of 244.26 g mol -1. The chemical formula of Barium Chloride is BaCl2. Learn more about the physical and chemical properties of Barium Chloride (BaCl2) from the experts at BYJU’S. barium chloride. This compound is toxic when ingested. Ingestion or inhalation of barium chloride can also prove fatal. crystallizes in an orthogonal crystal structure. Barium Chloride Formula, which is also known as Barium dichloride formula is given in this article. … • Under standard conditions, barium chloride exists as a white crystalline solid (as shown above). Anhydrous BaCl2 crystallizes in an orthogonal crystal structure. Figure 2: appearance of barium chloride The compound has a molecular weight of 208.23 g / mol for its anhydrous form and 244.26 for its dihydrate form. However, the dihydrate form of barium chloride is known to have a monoclinic crystal structure. It is also called Barium Muriate or Barium dichloride. BaSO4 is comparatively non-toxic due to its insolubility. Your email address will not be published. To learn more about Barium Chloride Formula register to BYJU’S now! At a temperature of 100 oC, the solubility of barium chloride in water is equal to 594 grams per litre. The primary industrial application of BaCl2 is in the purification of the brine solutions that are used in caustic chlorine plants. The industrial production of barium chloride follows a two-step process. The sulfate is used in white paints, particularly for outside use. 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The sulfate is used in white paints, particularly for outside use. Then, the barium sulphide is treated with hydrochloric acid to yield barium chloride along with hydrogen sulphide. Barium chloride is quite soluble in water (as is the case with most ionic salts). Step 1: From barium sulfate at high temperature. Chlorine can be used instead of hydrochloric acid. Barium chloride is poisonous in nature. At a temperature of 100. Barium Chloride is an inorganic salt that is made up of barium cations (Ba+) and chloride anions (Cl–). This soluble salt of barium which arises from the direct reaction of chlorine and barium. The chemical formula of barium chloride is BaCl2.The molecular mass is 208,23 g (for the anhydrous salt). Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) and Sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) are probable antidotes as they form BaSO4 (barium sulfate). It is a white coloured solid and has no odour. It is hygroscopic and is soluble in water. This compound is also soluble in methanol (however, it is not soluble in ethanol). However, the solubility of this compound in water is temperature-dependent. At a temperature of 20, C, the solubility of barium chloride in water is roughly equal to 358 grams per litre. It is a white solid which is water-soluble, hygroscopic and gives a slight yellow-green colour to a flame. It crystallizes in two polymorphs (forms) viz cubic fluorite (CaF2) structure and orthorhombic cotunnite (PbCl2) structure. Barium chloride EC Number: 233-788-1 EC Name: Barium chloride CAS Number: 10361-37-2 Molecular formula: BaCl2 IUPAC Name: barium(2+) dichloride . It is widely used in laboratories, industries, to test sulfate ion, to purify brine solution, in the manufacturing of pigments and other barium salts.